Research Study Abstract

Perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes associated with adults׳ recreational walking: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries

  • Published on July 2014

Abstract: This study examined the strength and shape of associations between perceived environmental attributes and adults’ recreational walking, using data collected from 13,745 adult participants in 12 countries. Perceived residential density, land use mix, street connectivity, aesthetics, safety from crime, and proximity to parks were linearly associated with recreational walking, while curvilinear associations were found for residential density, land use mix, and aesthetics. The observed associations were consistent across countries, except for aesthetics. Using data collected from environmentally diverse countries, this study confirmed findings from prior single-country studies. Present findings suggest that similar environmental attributes are associated with recreational walking internationally.


  • Takemi Sugiyama 1,2
  • Ester Cerin 3,4
  • Neville Owen 2
  • Adewale L. Oyeyemi 5
  • Terry L. Conway 6
  • Delfien Van Dyck 7
  • Jasper Schipperijn 8
  • Duncan J. Macfarlane 4
  • Deborah Salvo 9,10
  • Rodrigo S. Reis 11,12
  • Josef Mitáš 13
  • Olga L. Sarmiento 14
  • Rachel Davey 15
  • Grant Schofield 16
  • Rosario Orzanco-Garralda 17
  • James F. Sallis 6


  • 1

    Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia

  • 2

    Behavioural Epidemiology, Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia

  • 3

    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia

  • 4

    Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

  • 5

    Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

  • 6

    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, USA

  • 7

    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

  • 8

    Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark

  • 9

    Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Studies, Emory University, Atlanta, USA

  • 10

    Center for Nutrition and Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico

  • 11

    School of Health and Biosciences, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, Brazil

  • 12

    Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil

  • 13

    Institute of Active Lifestyle, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký Universitsy, Olomouc, Czech Republic

  • 14

    Department of Public Health, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia

  • 15

    Centre for Research & Action in Public Health, Faculty of Health, Canberra University, Canberra, Australia

  • 16

    Human Potential Centre, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand

  • 17

    Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain


Health & Place